Diabetes Prevention Project Initiative

This lifestyle intervention project which aimed to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes among high risk individuals was undertaken in the Greater Green Triangle region between 2004 and 2006. In this project behavioural theories were combined with evidence-based intervention goals and strategies so that intervention could be undertaken in a primary health care setting.

Three General Practice clinics in Hamilton, Horsham and Mount Gambier participated in the study.  A total of 311 adults (both male and female) were invited to participate in a series of structured group-counselling sessions facilitated by trained project nurses, dieticians and physiotherapists.  The sessions aimed to motivate and support participants to adopt a lifestyle change - including modifying diet and physical activity levels - by providing them with the skills and social support needed for these changes to take place. A new risk assessment tool for identification of patients at high risk of diabetes was introduced and used in this intervention.  Results of this project provide evidence that a type 2 diabetes prevention program using lifestyle intervention is feasible in primary health care settings, with reductions in risk factors approaching those observed in clinical trials.

The project was funded by the Department of Health and Ageing through the Diabetes Prevention Pilot Initiative.  

 

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